Ovulation Pain

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Ovulation pain is pelvic pain that some women have during ovulation. Ovulation is the part of the menstrual cycle when an ovary releases an egg. Ovulation usually happens about halfway between your periods.

Ovulation pain is also called “mittelschmerz.” The term comes from the German words for “middle” and “pain.”

There is a rare breed of women who suffer from pain during ovulation.
What is it?
Ovulation is a phase of the female menstrual cycle that involves the release of an egg (ovum) from one of the ovaries. For most women, ovulation occurs about once every month until menopause, apart from when they are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Where does ovulation pain occur?

You typically feel the pain in your lower abdomen and pelvis, in the middle or on one side. You may feel it on the side where the ovary is releasing an egg. (For most people, the ovaries take turns ovulating. Each ovary releases an egg every other month.)

So if the ovary on the right side is releasing the egg, that’s where you’ll feel the pain. Some people find that the pain switches sides from one cycle to the next.

Read Premenstrual Syndrome & Craving By Sreejata Mukherjee

What causes ovulation pain?

The egg develops in the ovary. As it grows, follicular fluid surrounds it. During ovulation, the ovary releases the egg and fluid, along with some blood. Mittelschmerz may happen because of the egg enlarging in the ovary just before ovulation.

The pain may also be due to a ruptured follicle. The egg bursts from the follicle when it’s ready. The burst may cause some bleeding. The blood and fluid from the ruptured follicle may irritate the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum), causing pain.

This is a normal part of the menstrual cycle.

What are the symptoms of ovulation pain?

The pain may feel like a mild twinge, or you might have severe discomfort. It often hurts on just one side. The pain can last from a few minutes to a few hours. You may also experience:

About one in five women experience pain and discomfort during ovulation. The duration of the pain varies from one woman to the next but ranges from a few minutes to 48 hours.
In most cases, ovulation pain doesn’t mean that anything is wrong. However, severe pain (lasting more than 3 days) may sometimes be symptomatic of gynecological conditions including endometriosis.

What to do?

▪️Try taking a day off if the pain is unbearable
▪️ Engage in a fit lifestyle- workout daily
▪️Speak with the doctor and take anti-inflammatory or pain killers.
▪️ Sometimes doc puts you in oral contraceptive. Though this further messes up a hormonal profile.
▪️A hot water bag helps!
▪️Naturally, eating foods that decrease inflammation in the body will help to tame these cramps. These foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes.
▪️ Reduce alcohol, smoking, trans-fat-rich food, caffeine, gluten, or red meat for the day.
▪️Do yoga -hip openers
▪️Sleep on time
▪️Listen to your favorite calming music
And know it will get over in a day!
Practice daily
Stay humble 💫
Sreejata Mukherjee

Certified Fitness & Nutrition Consultant

About the Author

Media personnel turned a fitness enthusiast and then a coach.

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