Health facilities are a reality for most of us Indians. The increasing population and increased migration are creating imbalances in the need and availability of healthcare facilities from doctors.
Since the cost of living is increasing, the cost of healthcare facilities is coming down. It is not necessary for healthcare that we can spend it. If we can find a solution that meets the needs of a large population at a lower cost, we can reduce mortality and increase response to action.
Artificial intelligence (AI) can be used as a corrective technique, which can provide a better solution to this problem. Artificial intelligence can help in many ways, which is necessary to fill the gap between available health resources. Artificial intelligence provides a solution that can serve as a primary layer for the underprivileged to receive health counselling.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
In simplest terms, Artificial Intelligence means developing the ability to think and understand and make decisions in a machine. Artificial intelligence is considered to be the most advanced form of computer science and it creates a mind in which the computer can think … a computer brain that can think like humans.
Artificial intelligence began in the 1950s. Artificial intelligence means – intellectual ability developed in an artificial (artificial) way.
According to John McCarthy, the father of Artificial Intelligence, it is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs, that is, the intelligence displayed by machines.
Through this, a computer system or robotic system is created, which is attempted to be run on the same logic, on the basis of which the human brain works.
Artificial intelligence is a way of making computer-controlled robots or intelligence-thinking software like humans.
It studies about how the human brain thinks and learns while solving a problem, how it makes decisions and how it works.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
- Purely Reactive
- Limited Memory
- Brain Theory
Scope of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare in India
The public can be benefited by bringing increased connectivity, social change, and affordable healthcare with mobile phones and affordable data. Strength and access barriers can be overcome by introducing Artificial Intelligence (AI). Computers can be made more useful and accessible by understanding complex principles and making human understanding and use easier.
Health facilities are emerging as the biggest recipients of the Artificial Intelligence revolution globally, but there is a huge dependence on investment. If the appropriation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in healthcare is enhanced, the scientific community will be able to adapt it to deliver research results as well as services. Accurate medicine outcomes and quality of services will increase with timely prediction of diseases.
If Artificial Intelligence (AI) is used in India, the following deficiencies can be controlled:
- Lack of services like qualified professionals and qualified doctors, nurses, technicians and infrastructure can be overcome.
- Non-equal access to healthcare will be reduced. Since physical access is a major barrier to preventive and curative health services, as well as the disparity between rural and urban India, it will be greatly reduced.
- The cost of health services is so high that poor and helpless people have to bear the biggest brunt of it. With the advent of artificial intelligence, healthcare becomes affordable.
- There will be a huge increase in awareness and access to health services.
- Since most of the health services facilities are limited to Tier-1 and Tier-2 cities, absenteeism will be reduced to zero, with Artificial Intelligence in healthcare.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) in healthcare can be solved by expanding scarce personnel and laboratory facilities. Can overcome barriers to solve the accessibility barrier of artificial intelligence. Another technological advancement that can be made accessible by AI is early detection, diagnosis and treatment of India’s 1.38 billion people. Possible use cases of artificial intelligence in health facilities may be the following:
1. Preventive Healthcare
This kind of artificial intelligence-based app is already in place, which helps people to continuously work on their daily lifestyle to improve overall health. AI-based apps can either record and store data on you, on a smartphone, and provide a unique view of health data that is appealing to individuals and easy to follow. We have been seen by users of wearable devices as having a change and concern about healthcare. Such devices operate on a cognitive coaching system, which provides essential advice regarding fitness, sleep and nutrition etc.
2. Timely detection and prevention of disease
Artificial intelligence allows timely indication of diseases — such as irregular breathing patterns, changes in blood pressure patterns, SpO2 levels, or rapid weight loss, from heart, diabetes, and in some cases, cancer. Signs of related disease can also be detected. Historical data from mammography of breast cancer patients can be used to train artificial intelligence models, which can indicate the signs of breast cancer in cells or tissues in pre-stages. Such condoms can cause breast cancer to be a disease with intervention before the attack of the disease. In recent times, Covid-19 has been prepared to give advance notice to the authorities to take timely action on prevention of proliferation. This is a very early time for more intensive research, but using intensive learning models, future governments will be able to pinpoint the spread patterns of future viruses as we do now in the case of rain and cyclones.
3. Assisting the medical community in diagnosis
In many cases, doctors today treat themselves based on their own experience. Although they are often correct, there have been times when incorrect treatment has been done due to incorrect diagnosis. Doctors often use pathological reports, X-rays, MRIs and other advanced tests to understand the disease, but the results are largely based on their experiments. Artificial intelligence models can be trained to derive population classification or disease patterns on inaccurate data. At the same time, the generated data can be used as a regression problem, where definite decisions about the disease are made. By combining such models, doctors can arrive at an evidence-based diagnosis. AI will help in planning better treatment of fatal diseases.
4.AI-based operational support for health facility systems
Artificial intelligence-assisted chatbots, conversion-related AI tools can lead health issues to a longer and more remote population. It will also be cheaper, and advertisers can be subsidized simultaneously. The development of artificial weapons or spectacles aided through the Artificial Intelligence Model can greatly assist people with disabilities. Even in general monitoring and access control, artificial intelligence-based video analytics systems can simplify the process.
India is facing health related challenges and in order to overcome these challenges, healthcare has to be combined with artificial intelligence. This simply means that India’s strategy of integrating artificial intelligence with health services should be balanced to both local needs and access. This will require concerted effort to provide assistance from the private sector, particularly large-scale government-led interventions.